Archiv der Kategorie 'Türkische faschismus / Turkish fascism '

Turkey & Jihadis In Syria

We Fought for Our Democracy. Now Turkey Wants to Destroy It / NUJIN DERIK

AFRIN, Syria — For more than a week, my home in northwestern Syria has been under a full-scale assault by the Turkish Army and thousands of Turkish-aligned Islamist jihadists.

Turkey’s president, Recep Tayyip Erdogan, has been threatening this invasion for a very long time. The Turkish Army has been targeting our villages with mortars and artillery for many months now.

I and my fellow members of the Kurdish Women’s and People’s Protection Units, often known as the Y.P.J. and Y.P.G., have fought hard for years to keep the Islamic State out of this autonomous region of Syria known as Rojava. We endured Turkey’s barrages and avoided returning fire, even after civilian casualties, so as not to provide a pretext for this invasion.

But Mr. Erdogan has nevertheless unleashed airstrikes, tanks and troops on this area that was once a relative island of peace in this war-torn country.

One would imagine the international community and especially the United States, which has been more than happy to partner with us in the fight against the Islamic State, would firmly oppose such an unprovoked attack executed in the name of racial hatred — Mr. Erdogan has stated his intention to commit ethnic cleansing of Afrin’s Kurdish population, or, as he says, to give the region to its “real owners” — but instead, it has been greeted largely with silence, and therefore tacitly condoned.

Does the Trump administration now care about nothing but its own immediate tactical interests? Wavering messages or calls for “caution” will not be enough. In addition to exerting real pressure on its Turkish ally, the United States should press for a no-flight zone over Afrin and the rest of Rojava. Leaders in Britain, France and elsewhere must also take a moral stand and demand a stop to this carnage.

The Turkish Army has been training the most extreme Islamist gangsters it could find as part of the so-called Free Syrian Army that is part of their assault, including members of the fascist Gray Wolf death squads and Qaeda affiliates, with high-tech weaponry purchased from the United States, Britain and Germany. They are being sent into our country backed by F-16 aircraft, German-made Leopard tanks and regular Turkish soldiers.

Yet Mr. Erdogan calls us terrorists, asserting that we and the Kurdistan Workers’ Party that he has warred with in Turkey are identical. The hypocrisy of this transparent justification for his invasion is astounding. Our forces have led the fight against the true terror represented by the Islamic State — even while Turkey provided it support and its oil was sold in Turkey.

Now Turkey is allying itself with jihadists and backing them with NATO weaponry to attack us. Is the world really willing to believe we are terrorists because we share the Kurdish freedom movement’s goals of democracy, environmental protection and women’s liberation?

We proudly admit we support these ideas, as do members of the Kurdish movement in Turkey and elsewhere. But our forces have been focused on the fight against the Islamic State, one in which we’d rather have had Turkey as an ally, not an enemy.

Do Western powers now believe that too strong a commitment to their own professed democratic ideals is terrorism? Mr. Erdogan, on the other hand, is an enemy of women, whom he has called “half persons,” and the views of his fundamentalist minions are even worse.

But just as female fighters were instrumental in the defense of Kobane and the liberation of Raqqa — where a major objective was the freeing of the Yazidi women the jihadists had taken there as slaves — so we will resist invaders here in Afrin.

There’s much worth fighting for. Until the Turkish invasion we had been able to maintain Afrin as a haven for anyone fleeing the terror of the civil war. We worked to develop our own democratic institutions.

Though poor and largely without outside aid, we have shared what we have with refugees, to the point where the region’s population ballooned in size.

In keeping with our philosophy of democratic confederalism, we established local councils so that all can participate in the decisions affecting their neighborhoods and communities. We hold independently monitored elections and ensure that women and all ethnic groups are strongly represented in governance. Our democratic system is increasingly the opposite of Turkey’s, where President Erdogan is crushing dissent and centralizing more power every day.

We have lost thousands of our brothers and sisters in the war against the Islamic State, and if this invasion continues, it will be only a matter of time before the jihadist remnants return to gain control of places we had liberated.

And Turkey’s forces themselves, allied as they are with extremist groups, pose a serious threat to our Assyrian and Armenian Christian and Yazidi communities. Turkey’s planes are killing children and civilians and destroying our villages. Those who had taken refuge here are fleeing and have no haven left.

We are asking the Western powers to act on their principles. Why are you not condemning a flagrant and unprovoked assault on the very men and women who stood shoulder to shoulder with you against the darkness of the Islamic State? Now a different evil, that of Mr. Erdogan’s increasingly undemocratic Turkey, aims to destroy our fledgling democracy. And this time, it’s claiming to act in your name.


Nujin Derik is the commander of the Women’s Protection Units in Afrin, Syria.

Translated from the Kurdish by Elif Sarican.

The New York Times

Inside Afrin, the true victims of Turkey’s invasion of northern Syria are revealed – refugees, babies, women and children

Exclusive: In part three of his Inside Syria series, and the first Western media report from Afrin since the start of the Turkish offensive, Robert Fisk shows just how ‘surgical’ is the attack on ‘terrorists’ in Operation Olive Branch
Mohamed Hussein, a 58-year-old Kurdish farmer, lies in the Afrin hospital, wounded in the head and eye after his home was bombed by a Turkish aircraft on the second night of the attack Yara Ismail

When Taha Mustafa al-Khatr, his wife Amina, his two daughters Zakia and Safa and son Sulieman went to bed in the tiny village of Maabatli, they placed their shoes outside the door. Most Middle Eastern families do the same.

It’s a tradition and a sign of cleanliness in the home. The cheap plastic slippers were still there, of course, when the Turkish shell hit their house at one in the morning – and when I arrived a few hours later, I found the same shoes, a few blown down the stairs but most still neatly lined up next to each other. Did one of the daughters choose the slippers with the plastic bows? Even the rescue workers – such as they are in the Kurdish province of Afrin – didn’t touch the shoes. They left one of the blood-soaked bedspreads where it was in the rain under the collapsed roof of the cheap breeze-block house. The bodies, of course, had gone.
The family’s plastic shoes remain after four members of the al-Khater family died when a Turkish shell hit their home in Maabatli, Kurdish Syria (Robert Fisk)

Since the identities of the victims are known – not, of course, that of the Turkish gunner who slaughtered this family – we should, perhaps, be better acquainted with them. Taha was 40 years old, his wife Amina the same age, Zakia was 17 and her bother Suliemann just 14. Safa, who is 19, survived – miraculously, with only wounds to her hands – but of course she is now an orphan.

Ironically, since the Turks are supposedly aiming at Kurdish YPG fighters, the very name of their military assault on Kurdish Syria, Operation Olive Branch, makes one’s gorge rise in the stone village of Mabeta, surrounded as it is by olive orchards – and the al-Khatr family were not Kurds but Arabs, refugees from the village of Tel-Krah further north.
Wreckage of the house struck by a Turkish shell that killed four members of the same refugee Arab family in the Syrian Kurdish village of Mabeta on Friday (Yara Ismail)

They were so new to Maabatli that Kurdish neighbours I spoke to did not even know their names, but in the Kurdish province – the village is about 10 miles from the city of Afrin – populations are mixed (there are Alawites, too) and no one was surprised when the al-Khatrs arrived on Thursday night.

Taha’s uncle already lived in the hilltop village and he seems to have put his refugee relatives in his storeroom – it was filled with the wreckage of sacks of grain, a fridge and frozen vegetables. The bodies must have been unimaginable.

“You come to our hospital here in Afrin to find out what happened,” Dr Jawan Palot, director of the Afrin Hospital, remarked to me with cynicism, well aware that The Independent was the first Western news organisation to visit Afrin since the Turkish attack. “You should see the dead when they come in – and the state of the wounded with the blood on them.” And there came forth the usual photographs of ferociously broken corpses.
Lying in the Afrin hospital, 15-year old Dananda Sido, wounded in the legs and chest running in the street from a Turkish air attack in the Kurdish village of Adamo (Yara Ismail)

And there followed, too, in the Afrin Hospital, a maudlin tour of the wards where the survivors of Turkey’s assault on the “terrorists” of Afrin, which began on 20 January, lay in their beds. There was Mohamed Hussein, a 58-year old farmer from Jendeeres, with head wounds and a closed eye, almost killed when the roof of his house caved in under air attack on 22 January. And Ahmad Kindy, eight years younger, who took his family out of the village when Turkey’s Olive Branch first cast its shadow over the land early on 21 January, but who unwisely returned and was hit in the back by shrapnel. “There were no YPG fighters there,” he said.
Ahmad Kindy, 50. was wounded at his home in Jundeires on the first night of the attack (Yara Ismail)

But what if there were? Does that justify the pain of 15-year old Dananda Sido from the village of Adamo, terribly wounded in the chest and legs who turns from us in tears when we try to speak to her in the Afrin Hospital? Or that of 20-year old Kifah Moussa, who was working in her family’s chicken farm at Maryameen when Turkish planes dropped a bomb on the building at midday, killing an entire family of eight people beside her? She was hit in the chest. She smiles bravely at Dr Palot and myself, although it is unclear if she knows that her brother is among the dead.
Kifah al-Moussa, a Syrian Arab woman living among the Kurds of Afrin province, was working on a chicken farm in the village of Maryameen when a Turkish aircraft bombed the building (Yara Ismail)

Then there is the eighth-grade Kurdish schoolboy Mustafa Khaluf, also from Jendeeres, who heard the Turkish planes coming above his home and suffered severe leg wounds in the air strike. Close to him lies seven-year old Aya Nabo, with severe chest wounds, and who turns towards the wall beside her bed rather than talk to her doctor. Her sister says she was hit in the street on 22 January. After a while, it becomes a kind of obscenity to demand, constantly, the circumstances of this suffering. We all know who did this.
Eight-grade schoolboy Mustafa Khaluf heard the Turkish plane that, moments later, bombed his home and wounded him in the leg, also badly injuring his sister (Yara Ismail)

It is, however, almost equally obscene to recall the official Turkish version of this little massacre – for that is what it was for 34 civilians whose bodies were taken to the Afrin Hospital alone – which states that more than 70 Turkish jets bombed YPG Kurdish militias in Syria on 21 January. The Turkish news agency Anadolu stated blandly that Turkish aircraft bombed more than 100 “targets” – including an “airfield” (mysteriously unnamed) – on the first day of the attacks. The operations supposedly targeted YPG “barracks, shelters, positions, weapons, vehicles and equipment”.

Where, I wondered as I walked through the wards of Afrin Hospital, had I heard all this stuff before? Was this not a replay of every Israeli air assault on “terrorists” in southern Lebanon, of every Nato air strike on “Serb forces” in ex-Yugoslavia, of every US attack on Iraqi “forces” in 1991 and 2003 and on Afghanistan and on Mosul last year? All were “surgical” operations – carried out with absolute precision to avoid “collateral damage”, of course – and all left a litter of tens or hundreds or thousands of dead and wounded. Our air assaults – Israeli, Nato, American, Turkish – feed off each other in lies and victims.

To make his own calculated point, Dr Polat, who says he was studying medicine in the Russian city of Krasnoyarsk when he decided to return to Afrin in 2014 “to help my people in the war”, prints out his entire hospital records from the 21 January to midday on the 26 January and gives them to The Independent. According to Dr Polat, he had received only four YPG fighters dead and two wounded on the first day of the Turkish assaults, another seven fighters and nine wounded later in the week. Because these are real people, not just statistics, there is probably a journalistic duty to record at least some of the lives — and deaths — of these poor civilians.

Dipping into the hospital files – and taking names at random – I find that among the 49 civilian wounded brought here, were three-year-old Hamida Brahim al-Hussein, from Maryameen, who was wounded in the head in the chicken farm attack in which Kifah Moussa was injured. And two-year-old Hassan al-Hassan (wounded in the head). Then there was 70-year-old Asia Sheikh Murad from Shiya – with head wounds on 23 January. And 46-year-old Khaled Mohamed Ali Abdul Qadr with head wounds – again, for houses collapsed on their owners – in Maryameen. And Hamid Battal, aged 30, from Fkeiro and Ghengis Ahmad Khalil, whose warrior name did not prevent the 20-year-old from suffering stomach wounds at Midan Ekbes. Sudqi Abdul Rahman, who is 47, was wounded in the leg by shrapnel at Ruzio-Jendeeres on 25 January. A 75-year-old, Shamsa Moussa, is listed as receiving “multiple broken bones” in the village of Rajow on 23 January.

The list of the dead – 10 children, seven women, 17 men – is bleaker, for the hospital had not bothered to catalogue their wounds. They include infants. One-year old Wael al-Hussein, a refugee (who surely could not have known it) from the village of Jebbarah, was killed on 21 January, six-year old Moussab al-Hussein from Idlib (clearly from another refugee family) on the same day. 60-year-old Fatima Mohamed from the village of Arabo was killed in Jendeeres on 23 January. Abdulkader Menam Hamo from Jamo was killed on 24 January.

There will be no war memorials for them – as there are for Kurdish fighters in the military graveyard some miles from Afrin, most of them killed fighting Isis – and no record of their deaths, save, perhaps, for the cold lists in Dr Polat’s files — each stamped, in Kurdish, “Avrin Hospital”. There is no mention of Syria.


CNN Turkey Reports ‚American Sniper‘ Bradley Cooper Killed in Syria, U.S. Military Denies

The U.S. coalition denied on Friday the deaths of two Special Forces members after social media and mainstream news reports carrying an image purporting to show a dead U.S. soldier were spread by two of the Pentagon’s allies currently battling one another in Syria.

The reports were initially carried by accounts that appeared supportive of both the Kurdish People’s Protection Units (YPG) and those supportive of the Turkish military fighting them in the northwestern district of Afrin in Aleppo, Syria. In both versions, the subject of the photograph was described as a Special Forces member named Eddie Bragdon who went by the nom de guerre „Zana Rizgar“ and was killed fighting alongside the U.S.-backed Kurds.

The problem? Social media users and analysts quickly pointed out that the man in the picture was actually U.S. actor Bradley Cooper appearing as he did in his role as late Navy SEAL veteran Chris Kyle in the 2014 film American Sniper. But not before mainstream Turkish outlets such as CNN Turk ran with the story.
In what’s believed to be the original claim, an account supportive of the Kurdish YPG reported the death of U.S. Special Forces member Eddie Bragdon, a.k.a. Zana Rizgar, instead of the actual individual pictured: U.S. actor Bradley Cooper in the film „American Sniper.“ The user later claimed that the post was intended to be satirical and criticized Turkish media for picking it up literally.

Social Media

„It’s a strange incident,“ Nate Schenkkan, director of the Nations in Transit project at U.S.-funded think tank Freedom House, told Newsweek.

Schenkkan, who specialized in analyzing Turkish media, put together what he believed to be a timeline of events explaining how the misinformation spread. First, a pro-YPG account with the username „Bird Person“ posted the image Thursday along with the erroneous claim. The post was then widely shared by both pro-YPG users and pro-Turkey, the latter of whom claimed it was evidence of U.S. backing for YPG efforts to defend the Kurd-controlled enclave that Turkish forces and Syrian rebels have been assaulting for the past few days.

Early Friday, Pentagon spokesperson Army Colonel Ryan Dillon tweeted „Reports of two US-Coalition members killed in Afrin are FALSE. Completely UNTRUE,“ adding that the U.S.-led coalition remained supportive of Kurdish forces fighting the Islamic State militant group (ISIS) elsewhere in Syria. It was unclear where reports of the second casualty came from and the U.S.-led coalition could not immediately be reached for comment.

Despite this denial, which did not mention Bragdon by name, Turkish media began picking up the story. Many of these pieces have since been taken offline, but a Google search still revealed a result of a CNN Turk article describing the alleged death of the U.S. serviceman. Clicking on the link led to a 404 error.
A Google search for „‚Eddie Bragdon‘ CNN Turk“ produced the following result, but clicking the link produced a 404 error, meaning the page could not be found. Social media users also screenshot a CNN Turk tweet describing the article, January 26, 2018.

The „Bird Person“ account has since mocked the Turkish reaction to a post he has told other users was intended to be satirical from the beginning. Some pro-Turkey accounts have deleted their tweets carrying the claim, while others have acknowledged that the picture was fake, but argued that the claim of a U.S. Special Forces death was still true.

„This is what it’s like,“ said Schenkkan, who was critical of the Turkish media for picking up the unverified claims so quickly. „It started from the beginning. It started within the first hour of the Afrin operation.“

„It goes to show how this kind of thing can spiral out of control so quickly,“ he added.

The YPG has formed the dominant faction of the Pentagon-backed Syrian Democratic Forces, the U.S.’s main partner in battling ISIS. The Kurdish militia, however, was also considered a terrorist organization by Turkey for its alleged links to the Kurdistan Workers‘ Party, a militant group that has waged a nationalist insurgency against Turkey for decades. Turkey has been a member of U.S.-led Western military alliance NATO for more than half a century and was also considered a key U.S. ally.
A map last updated January 22 shows areas of Syria where Turkish forces have moved against Kurdish fighters. Neither Russia, Syria nor the U.S. have moved to block the Turkish invasion.

Institute for the Study of War/Maps4News

President Donald Trump called on Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan to „de-escalate the situation“ in Afrin and „exercise caution“ on Wednesday. Erdogan has pressed on, however, even as the Pentagon asserted Thursday that „Afrin operations are impeding the task to eliminate ISIS.“

That same day, Kurdish forces called on the Syrian military „to carry out its sovereign duties towards Afrin and to protect its borders with Turkey from attack.“ The Syrian military, loyal to Syrian President Bashar al-Assad, has retaken most of the country with the help of Russia and Iran, countering an insurgency by jihadis and rebels such as the formerly CIA-backed Free Syrian Army that has joined Turkey attacking Afrin.

The state-run Syrian Arab News Agency cited Friday an official source in the Syrian Foreign Ministry condemning the Turkish invasion and calling on the international community to halt it.


Milizen von der Türkei nach Syrien gebracht

Mit etwa 20 Bussen sind Angehörige Türkei-treuer Gruppierungen aus der Türkei nach Nordsyrien gebracht worden.

Die Milizionäre waren zuvor in türkischen Ausbildungslagern in Kilis und Antep. Heute wurden sie mit Zivilfahrzeugen über den Grenzübergang in Kilis nach Ezaz in Syrien gebracht.

Der türkische Verteidigungsminister Nurettin Canikli erklärte unterdessen: „Die Efrîn-Operation hat begonnen.“

Die Türkei-treuen Gruppierungen sollen für Angriffe auf die Region Tel Rifat eingesetzt werden.


Türkisches Militär attackiert kurdische Kämpfer in Rojava

Erdogans riskantes Spiel mit Trump und Putin

Die Türkei beschießt eine Hochburg der kurdischen Miliz in Syrien, offiziell im Kampf gegen „Terroristen“. Doch die Miliz wird von den USA unterstützt, und im Zielgebiet sind auch russische Soldaten stationiert. Kommt es zur Invasion?

Seit Tagen zählen die Operationen des türkischen Militärs zu den Topnachrichten in staatlichen und regierungsfreundlichen Medien des Landes. Stündlich laufen in den Fernsehnachrichten Bilder von immer neuen Militärkonvois, die nahe der syrischen Grenze stationiert werden. Das Ziel: die Region um die syrische Stadt Afrin. Von dort hieß es am Freitag, es seien Dutzende Granaten eingeschlagen. Der türkische Verteidigungsminister Nurettin Canikli erklärte, der Beschuss sei der Beginn der Offensive auf Afrin.

Die türkische Armee bereitet sich auf eine Invasion dieser überwiegend von Kurden bewohnten Region Syriens vor. Sie steht unter der Kontrolle der YPG-Miliz, die die Türkei als Terrororganisation einstuft. Die YPG gilt als Ableger der Kurdischen Arbeiterpartei (PKK), die seit Jahrzehnten gegen die Zentralregierung in Ankara kämpft.

Die Feindschaft mit der syrischen YPG ist so alt wie der seit 2011 in dem Land tobende Bürgerkrieg und mittlerweile ein Teil der türkischen Staatsräson. Die Regierung in Ankara betrachtet die Präsenz der Miliz entlang der Grenze als „akute Bedrohung“.

Am vergangenen Samstag hatte der türkische Präsident Recep Tayyip Erdogan der YPG bei einem Treffen seiner Regierungspartei eine Frist von einer Woche gesetzt. Dann müssten sie aus Afrin und Manbidsch, einer Stadt auf der Westseite des Euphrat, verschwunden sein. „Wenn sich die Terroristen nicht ergeben, werden wir sie zerstören“, kündigte Erdogan an. Es ist nicht das ersgte Mal, dass der Präsident propagandistisch mit dem Säbel rasselt. Meint er es diesmal ernst?

Sein Ultimatum läuft am Wochenende aus. Die große Frage ist, ob sich die Türkei auf ein militärisches Abenteuer einlassen und tatsächlich eine Bodenoffensive starten wird, statt nur von türkischem oder türkisch kontrolliertem Gebiet aus zu schießen. Denn ein Vormarsch auf Afrin könnte nicht nur in einem Blutbad enden, sondern auch zu schwerwiegenden internationalen Verwicklungen führen.

So hat nicht nur die YPG heftige Gegenwehr angekündigt und beschießt offenbar ihrerseits die Stadt Asas in einem Gebiet, das von türkeifreundlichen Rebellen kontrolliert wird. Auch Damaskus hat Widerstand angekündigt und gedroht, jedes türkische Flugzeug im syrischen Luftraum abzuschießen.

Zudem wird die YPG in Nordsyrien von den Vereinigten Staaten unterstützt – es könnte also zur indirekten Konfrontation der beiden Nato-Partner kommen. Und schließlich sind da noch Russland und der Iran, die beiden wichtigsten Verbündeten der syrischen Regierung, die damit ebenfalls zu militärischen Gegenspielern der Türkei würden.

Ankara sieht sich im Kampf gegen „Armee des Terrors“

Erdogan und seine Minister wirken dieser Tage entschlossener als sonst. Vielleicht sehen sie ihre letzte Chance, das zu tun, was sie seit Jahren angekündigt, aber nie verwirklicht haben – gegen die YPG vorzugehen. Bisher hatte die Türkei im Laufe des Bürgerkriegs ihre Position oft ändern müssen. So wandelte sich Ankara vom Unterstützter des syrischen Aufstands gegen Präsident Baschar al-Assad zu einem engen Partner des Iran und Russlands. Ausgerechnet mit den beiden wichtigsten Verbündeten des Assad-Regimes plant die Türkei nun die Zukunft Syriens, die vier Länder führen gemeinsame Gespräche.

Als Ankara im Jahr 2016 aus seiner ersten Invasion in Syrien einen „großen Feldzug“ machen wollte, wurde daraus ein Demütigung. Der Islamische Staat (IS) konnte zwar aus einem kleinen Gebiet und erst nach vielen Rückschlägen vertrieben werden. Aber gegen die verhassten Kurden richtete die Türkei, entgegen ihren Plänen, nichts aus. Russland und die USA verhinderten dies, lange bevor der Kampf gegen die YPG überhaupt beginnen konnte.

Heute scheint Ankara die Gunst der Stunde nutzen zu wollen. Anlass für die neue türkische Entschlossenheit ist der von den USA angekündigte Aufbau einer Grenztruppe in Nordsyrien. Ein Großteil der 30.000 Mann wird von der YPG gestellt, die Ankara prompt als „Armee des Terrors“ bezeichnete. Der amerikanische Außenminister Rex Tillerson versuchte zu beschwichtigen: „Wir schaffen keine Grenztruppe, sondern wollen eine Infiltration des IS verhindern.“

Die türkische Regierung beharrt dennoch auf ihrer Militäraktion. „Wir haben die USA informiert, dass wir in Afrin intervenieren werden“, versicherte Außenminister Mevlüt Cavusoglu. Bisher hält sich Washington gegenüber dem Nato-Partner überraschend zurück. Die Türkei solle von ihren Plänen in Afrin absehen und sich auf den Kampf gegen den IS konzentrieren, hieß es lapidar aus dem Weißen Haus.

Wie ernst es der Türkei ist, wurde auch deutlich, als sie am Donnerstag ihren Armee- sowie ihren Geheimdienstchef nach Moskau schickte. Beide wurden beim russischen Verteidigungsminister vorstellig, um grünes Licht für die Offensive auf Afrin zu bekommen. Besonders wichtig für die Türkei ist der Einsatz ihrer Luftwaffe, die ohne Genehmigung der Russen nicht fliegen kann. Über das Ergebnis der Gespräche ist nichts bekannt.

Von russischer Seite hieß es nur, das Treffen habe „in einem konstruktiven Ambiente über Sachverhalte von gemeinsamem Interesse stattgefunden“. Selbst Russland scheint eher gleichmütig zu reagieren. Dabei hat Moskau einige Hundert Soldaten und Militärberater in Afrin stationiert – ursprünglich als Abschreckung gegen türkische Angriffe. Ahmet Berat Conkar, Leiter der türkischen Delegation in der Nato, sagte am Freitag laut Nachrichtensender al-Dschasira, Moskau bereite die Verlegung russischer Truppen aus den Gegenden vor, wo es zu einem Zusammenstoß während des türkischen Angriffs kommen könnte.

Die Bundesregierung zeigte sich auffallend diplomatisch. „Wir erwarten, dass die Türkei weiterhin politisch und militärisch Zurückhaltung zeigt“, sagte ein Sprecher des Auswärtigen Amtes zwar. Zugleich sei aber klar, dass die Türkei legitime Sicherheitsinteressen entlang ihrer Grenze zu Syrien habe. Wichtig sei der Bundesregierung, dass der Fokus der türkischen Militäreinsätze auf dem Kampf gegen den IS und die Nachfolgeorganisation der Extremistengruppe al-Nusra liege.

Die Türkei steht mit dem Rücken zur Wand, da ihr Einfluss im Nachbarland immer geringer geworden ist. Seit Dezember läuft nun der Angriff der syrischen Armee auf die Rebellen in der Provinz Idlib und deren gleichnamiger Hauptstadt. Daran beteiligen sich, wie üblich, iranische Hilfstruppen und die russische Luftwaffe. Die Offensive auf die letzte große Hochburg der Opposition in Syrien kommt gut voran.

Die Türkei hat mehrfach gegen den Idlib-Feldzug protestiert, das sie durch den zu erwartenden Sieg der Assad-Allianz eine ihrer letzten Einflussspähren in Syrien verlieren würde: Die meisten der dort kämpfenden Rebellen bekommen nicht nur ihre Gehälter und Waffen von Ankara, sondern auch ihre Befehle.

In der Provinz Idlib ereignet sich bereits eine humanitäre Katastrophe. Allein im vergangenen Monat sind nach UN-Angaben 212.00 Menschen geflohen. Durch den Vormarsch auf Afrin könnten weitere Hunderttausende Flüchtlinge hinzukommen und das menschliche Elend vergrößern.

Bisher sollen in Afrin rund 10.000 YPG-Soldaten stationiert sein. Aber seit einigen Tagen trifft laufend neue Verstärkung ein. Die YPG ist eine disziplinierte und erfahrene Truppe, die weiß, wie man im Gelände und im Stadtgebiet kämpft. Die YPG hat den IS in Syrien besiegt und Rakka, die Hauptstadt des Kalifats, befreit. Die türkischen Truppen müssen sich deshalb auf hohe Verluste einstellen.

In Afrin gingen am Donnerstag Zehntausende Menschen auf die Straße, um gegen die mögliche Invasion der Türkei zu protestieren. „Afrin wird ein Friedhof für die Türkei“, skandierten die Demonstranten. Die dort etwa 20.000 Mitglieder umfassende jesidische Gemeinde gab eine Erklärung ab: „In den letzten Tagen wurden wir von türkischen Haubitzen und Artillerie beschossen. Wir haben Angst um unser Leben.“

Die Welt

Children of Nusaybin speak of torture by Turkish soldiers

Children who were arrested by Turkish soldiers during Democratic Autonomy resistance in Nusaybin spoke of torture at the hand of Turkish soldiers in custody.

The trial of 67 people including 17 children who were arrested by Turkish soldiers in Mardin’s Nusaybin district during Democratic Autonomy resistance back in 2016 started at Mardin 4th Heavy Penal Court today. Eight of the children were brought to courtroom while nine children were forced to attend the trial via closed-circuit camera system (SEGBIS). Seven of the children refused to give their statements via SEGBIS.

One of the children, H.A. gave his statement to the court. He said that they had to stay in the basements during clashes and were captured by Turkish forces after they left the conflict zone. H.A. spoke about the torture in custody and said that he was forced to sign a statement written by the soldiers.

Another imprisoned child, H.E. said, “We, 25 children who were hiding at the basement surrendered. After we declared that we will surrender, the security forces who came to pick us made a video recording. They said that they would take us to our families but took us to another place instead. Soldiers who were lined eight by eight tortured us. They broke a stick on my back”.

Speaking at the courtroom N.A. told the judges about the torture and verbal abuse and said that they gave their statement to the prosecutor under pressure.

“When I told the prosecutor that I had been tortured, he told me: ‘Pray that you are not dead’” N.A. said.

N.A. told of the torture right after their capture: “When cameras were on or there were health workers around they were behaving good to us, saying that they are trying to help us But when the cameras were turned off they continued to torture us. They took me to another room. There were screams coming from the other part of the building. Two or three people attacked me in that room. They attempted to rape me”.

Another child D.A. also said that he had been sexually abused during the detention and rejected the accusations towards him.

Other children told of the same story and said that they were denied treatment by Turkish soldiers.

The judges denied the statements by the children and their lawyers and decided for the continuation of detention for all of the children. The hearing was adjourned to April 10.


Keine Gerechtigkeit für verletzte Kinder

In Şirnex wurden im vergangenen Jahr mehrere Kinder von Panzerfahrzeugen getötet oder verletzt. Die Prozesse kommen nicht ins Rollen.

In den Fällen kurdischer Kinder in Şirnex, die von gepanzerten Fahrzeugen der türkischen Armee oder Polizei überfahren worden sind, bleibt die Justiz auf der Strecke. Alleine vier Kinder kamen im vergangenen Jahr nach Zusammenstößen mit Panzerfahrzeugen ums Leben. Weitere Kinder wurden zum Teil schwer verletzt.

Tatverdächtiger nach erster Anhörung entlassen

Ömer Yeğit, der im Prozess um den gewaltsamen Tod der Geschwister Furkan (6) und Muhammed (7) Yıldırım angeklagt war, wurde nach der ersten Anhörung am 17. Oktober 2017 aus der Haft entlassen. Furkan und Muhammed waren ums Leben gekommen, nachdem ein Panzerwagen gegen das elterliche Haus fuhr. Der zweite Verhandlungstag ist für kommenden Donnerstag angesetzt. Die Rechtsanwält*innen haben wenig Hoffnung.

Auch in anderen Fällen handelt die Justiz nicht. Während in manchen Fällen nicht einmal Untersuchungen eingeleitet werden, kommt es in den Ermittlungen anderer Fälle nicht zu strafrechtlicher Verfolgung.

Behördliche Hindernisse tauchen nicht nur im Verwaltungsapparat der Staatsanwaltschaft auf. Vor Ort sollen Angehörige der Opfer von Beamten öffentlicher Einrichtungen unter Druck gesetzt worden sein, um sie über gewisse ‚Angebote‘ von der Beschwerde abzubringen.

Täter weiterhin im Dienst

Mehr als zwei Monate sind bereits vergangen, nachdem am 2. November 2017 in Sûr (Amed) ein Panzerfahrzeug die achtjährige Ruken Cansırı anfuhr und schwer verletzte. Nach Angaben von Faysal Cansırı, dem Onkel des Opfers, sei zwar die Aussage der Angehörigen aufgenommen worden, doch zu Ermittlungen gegen die Polizisten sei es nicht gekommen. Die Beamten seien weiterhin im Dienst.

Kinder immer noch in Krankenhausbehandlung

Bei einem Vorfall am 30. November in Silopî wurde der Fuß der zehnjährigen Çiğdem Başak in einer automatischen Bodenschwelle der Polizei eingeklemmt. Die beiden Polizisten, die die Bodenschwellen aufstellten, sollen vom Dienst suspendiert worden sein, Anklage wurde jedoch nicht erhoben. Die Zehnjährige befindet sich weiterhin in medizinischer Behandlung in der Universitätsklinik Elazığ (Xarpêt). Kerem Başak, ein Bruder des verletzten Kindes, gab an, seine Schwester habe einen Seitenbandriss erlitten. Man werde weiterhin an einer Anzeige festhalten.

Schwere Leber- und Hirnschäden bei Umut

Der vierjährige Umut Özalp spielte vor seinem elterlichen Haus in Hezex (Idil) in der Provinz Şirnex, als er am 17. Dezember von einem gepanzerten Polizeiwagen angefahren und schwer verletzt wurde. Das Kind befindet sich weiterhin im Krankenhaus in Batman. Nezir Başak, der Vater des verletzten Kindes, gab an, dass er nicht wisse, ob ein Verfahren gegen die Verantwortlichen eingeleitet wurde, da die Familie von der Staatsanwaltschaft nicht darüber informiert worden sei. Seit fast einem Monat warte man darauf, dass Umut aus dem Koma erwacht, so der Vater. [ anfdeutsch ]

Von Polizei schwerverletztes Kind weiter in Lebensgefahr

Umut spielte vor seinem Elternhaus in Hezex, als ihn ein türkisches Polizeifahrzeug überfuhr.

Der am 17. Dezember von der Polizei in Hezex (Idil) in der Provinz Şirnex (Şırnak) von einem Polizeifahrzeug angefahrene vierjährige Umut Ö. schwebt weiterhin in Lebensgefahr. Das Kleinkind wurde erneut ins künstliche Koma versetzt und wird maschinell beatmet. Nach Angaben der Familie liegen bei Umut schwere Leber- und Hirnschäden vor. [ anfdeutsch ]

Umut ist aus dem Koma erwacht

Der vierjährige Umut ist vor sechs Tagen in Hezex (Idil) in der Provinz Şirnex (Şırnak) von einem Zivilfahrzeug der Polizei angefahren und schwer verletzt worden. Heute hat er im Krankenhaus das erste Mal seine Augen geöffnet.

Umut spielte vor seinem Elternhaus in Hezex, als ihn vor sechs Tagen ein türkisches Polizeifahrzeug überfuhr. Er wurde in einem Privatkrankenhaus in Êlih (Batman) operiert und ist heute aus dem Koma erwacht. Sein Gesundheitszustand habe sich stabilisiert, wurde aus dem Krankenhaus mitgeteilt. [ anfdeutsch ]

Türkische Polizei verletzt vierjähriges Kind schwer

In Idil in der Provinz Şirnex fuhr ein Zivilfahrzeug der Polizei den vierjährigen Jungen Umut Ö. an und verletzte ihn schwer. Er schwebt weiter in Lebensgefahr.

In Nordkurdistan häufen sich die Fälle, dass Zivilist*innen durch Polizeifahrzeuge getötet oder schwer verletzt. In Idil in der Provinz Şirnex (Şırnak) fuhr ein Zivilfahrzeug der Polizei den vierjährigen Jungen Umut Ö. an und verletzte ihn schwer. Er befindet sich mittlerweile in einer Spezialklinik in Êlih (Batman) auf der Intensivstation. Er schwebt immer noch in Lebensgefahr. [ anfdeutsch ]

Daesh’s desperate militants seek salvation in Turkey

Many IS terrorists attempted to cross the border into Turkey to go to European countries or just to live in Turkey have been prevented by YPG’s Anti-Terror Units.

A large number of foreign IS members have been arrested in a recent comprehensive operation by Special Forces of People’s Protection Units (YPG). The terrorists, the majority of whom are Russian citizens, were trying to enter Turkey. According to the information provided by General Command of Anti-Terror Units over 20 IS terrorists have been arrested along with those guiding them while trying to go to Turkey, in last two weeks.

“Even though ISIS nears its end, there are many sleeper cells in many areas of Rojava. We are arresting them with various operations almost every day before these cells go into action. They are mostly foreigners.” Says Anti-Terror Units General Command.

“IS terrorists are Erdogan fans”

“All of them are Erdogan fans. They are clearly expressing it in their inquiry. They constantly voice the support by the Turkish state to IS. Terrorists wanted in their own country say that Turkey is the only country that they can move freely and organize IS-related activities easily in. We have found that some of them are prepared to carry out suicide attacks in European countries. Some others just flee to Turkey to live in there. They all prefer Turkey in the end.”

Turkish border guards: “Welcome to home!”

Many IS members who were arrested by YPG before New Year Eve have been found to be foreigners. From these, the information given by four terrorists who have been detained for about a week, clearly reveals some well-known facts.

Mohammed Abu al-Qadr, who joined IS in 2015, says he is originally from Tunisia but lived in Germany before joining IS. Mohammed Abu al-Qadr shares the following information: “I came to Turkey overland passing through Hungary, Romania and Bulgaria with an ambulance. In fact, Turkish border gates were always open to any of us (IS members). I was amazed when Turkish border guards welcomed me saying “This is your home, you are here to help us.”

“They helped us when they knew we were ISIS”#

Al-Qadir tells his story of going back to Turkey for the second time. “I went back to take my wife and children to Syria. They were in Istanbul then. The second time was a little bit harder than the first.”

“We receive weapons and medicine via Turkey”

Al-Qadir reveals some information about the relations established in various ways between Turkish state and IS’ so-called authorities: “There are a large number of Turks within the ranks of IS. Some of them were sent to Turkey to organize and arrange our relations with Turkey (state and security officials.) I know one of them very well. He is called Abu Ubaid al-Turki. He is one of the leaders of the group and lives in Turkey.

Vladimir Oleinikov, originally from Kazakhstan and Russian citizen, joined the group in 2016. Oleinikov has been active in many formerly IS-held areas such as Raqqa, Mayadeen and Bukamal. He defected from IS and decided to go live in Turkey, following the liberation of these areas: “There is nowhere to go but Turkey. We were going to use illegal ways to cross the border into Turkey. But they (Turkey) know our routes. We can go easily somehow.” Considering the difficulty of passing through the border line which has recently been closed with walls by Turkish state, it seems that the passages are supervised. Oleinikov therefore expresses his frustration with the Nusra front, not Turkish troops, while trying to cross the border: “The moment Al Nusra caught us they would kill us. But we were arrested by YPG in preparation for going to Turkey.”

Turkey is the most favorable country for IS remnants

30-years-old terrorist Abdulrazzaq (Nom de guerre) says he joined so-called Caliphate in Antep in 2015: “I was brought to Istanbul from Azerbaijan, and then to Anteb. We’ve had no problems during the trip. We had experienced couriers.”

Dozens of IS members who have been arrested mostly at border regions see salvation in Turkey in the course of collapse of the Caliphate. Militants who’d easily reached IS from all over the world via Turkey years ago, when the group emerged and started to rise effectively, intend to return in the same route. Terrorists who don’t want to be arrested in their own countries or be captured by another group see Turkey as the savior.

YPG Anti-Terror Units General Command stated that the operations will continue. It has been noted that many militants, especially those on the most wanted lists, have been caught trying to cross the border.

YPG Press Office
| January 6, 2018

French jihadi Thomas Barnouin: “I was trying to go to Turkey”

One of ISIS’ most sought jihadis in connection to the recruitment networks in European countries, IS propaganda and suicide attacks led to many civilian deaths, Thomas Barnouin was captured in a special operation carried out by YPG Anti-Terror Units recently.

It is known that Barnouin took part in planning and implementation stages of some terrorist attacks targeting civilians. It is believed that he is one of masterminds of 2012 Touluse attack, which killed seven people, and the 2015 Paris attack which caused 130 people to lose their lives.

YPG’s Anti-Terror Units General Command stated that they have arrested the terrorists as they were trying to cross the border into Turkey, in a village near the Rojava-Turkey border. The smuggler that guided them and 5 other terrorists all of whom are French have also been arrested. General Command revealed the ID information of the terrorists;

Thomas Barnouin (Abu Mohamed al-Fransi), 36

Kevin Gonot (Abu Sufyan al-Fransi), 32

Muhamed Megherbi (Abu Maymuna al-Fransi), 36

Romain Garner (Abu Salama al-Fransi), 31

Thomas Collange (Abu Hussain al-Fransi), 30

Najib Megherbi (Abu Sulaiman al-Jazaeeri), 35

Barnouin tells that he first came to Syria in 2005 but was taken into custody and handed over to France. Barnouin once again came to Syria to join ISIS, saying the trip through Turkey was very easy: “Those who arranged my trip to Syria had provided me with some relations in Turkey. I did not believe I could pass through Turkey so easily. I was arrested on terrorism charges in France, so I thought in Turkey that I would be arrested and sent back to France. But the trip was so easy that I was surprised. I first came to Istanbul and then to Antakya (also known as Hatay, a southern city of Turkey which is located on the border.) The smuggler took me to Latakia. It was so easy. In 2014 we were ordered to retreat from Latakia to Raqqa. We did this through Turkey then, without any problems. Barnouin, according to the information he gives, was in charge of propaganda and media affairs in Raqqa and administrated Shari’a schools. He went to Mayadeen when YPG-led Syrian Democratic Forces initiated the Great Battle to retake Raqqa. Barnouin says he was arrested by ISIS in Mayadeen and spent 105 days in jail: “When IS arrests someone, it does it without asking a single question. They don’t tell you what you are accused of. Then I understood that IS has nothing to do with Islam. IS had been established by old BAATHists and some intelligence services. They only fight for oil and money. Now the remaining fighters are realizing the fact and are seeking the ways to go out of it. There are very few people who think that ISIS is an Islamic organization. When I saw that I wanted to defect from them but I was arrested at the Turkish border.

Barnouin tells that so many fighters went to European countries to carry out suicide attacks so far, passing through Turkey: “Crossing the Turkish border is very easy when compared to others. So many people went to Europe. So far, many IS members have gone to Europe through Turkey. I have not heard about anyone crossed the Saudi or Jordanian border so far, but many people done that at the Turkish border. 90 percent of foreign militants of ISIS came to Syria via Turkey, now they want to flee through the same direction. …We thought that if we surrender to YPG we could be tortured and even be killed. We would surrender if we knew that YPG would treat us like this.”

Thomas Barnouin and those who were arrested along with him are blacklisted in so many countries in connection to the recruitment networks in European countries.

Anti-Terror Units General Command stated that the operations
are going on successfully. In last two weeks over 20 ISIS terrorists,
most of whom are from Tunisia, Jordan, Saudi Arabia, Turkey,
Albania, Germany, Sweden, France, England and some other European
countries have been arrested as attempting cross the Turkish border.

YPG Press Office
| January 10, 2018

Emilie Konig: „I‘m being investigated as if in my own country“

Emilie Konig, a French jihadist woman, spoke up on the allegations by French media outlets about her.

French media has been spreading news about Emilie Konig, a French jihadist woman captured by our forces, that she faced oppression and was tortured by YPG. Konig responded the claims.

Konig said that all her and her childrens’ basic needs were met during her stay in the Hol refugee camp: “Some women told me that I would be persecuted, tortured and oppressed in YPG camps. I was asked by YPG to answer only a few questions when I was brought to the Hol refugee camp and my photos were taken. All these did not take more than 2 hours. Then they gave a shelter for me and my children to stay in. I was not subjected to any ill-treatment. Later, when I was told that I would be brought to another camp, I was so scared. I thought that I was going to be tortured in there. I immediately found a phone, called my mother and said I was afraid of the “possibility of torture”. Then I realized that there is no such thing. All my and my childrens’ needs have been being met on a regular basis here. I did not have any problems during my investigation. The investigation is a normal process. It is hard to experience it this way. But it is just an ordinary investigation process that consisting of questions and answers. Nothing else.”

Emilie Konig was born in France in 1984 as the daughter of a father serving in the French army. After her first husband was arrested for drug trafficking, she decided to marry a man called Ibrahim, whom she met on the internet. Soon she takes a plane from Paris to Istanbul to join the so-called Islamic State. Konig crosses the border from Kilis, a southern city of Turkey, into Azaz and joins ISIS.

Emilie receives ideological and military courses short after she arrives in Syria. Emilie, who was forced marriage three times by IS, appeared calling Muslims to join the Caliphate in some propaganda videos that had been put online by ISIS.

Konig was arrested in a special operation carried out by YPG Anti-Terror Units on December 12, 2017. Konig is one of most wanted IS members in many European countries.

Konig’s speech in French:

YPG Press Office
| January 8, 2018

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