Archiv für Juni 2018

Öcalan und die Kurden-Frage

Vor dem Hintergrund der Bedrohung der nordsyrischen Stadt Kobane durch den Islamischen Staat (IS) im Jahre 2015 schildert die Dokumentation an der sich wandelnden öffentlichen Wahrnehmung Abdullah Öcalans vom Terroristen zur „Stimme des Friedens“ den Konflikt um die Eigenständigkeit der Kurden und mahnt eine Lösung der Kurdenfrage an.

Die Kämpfe kurdischer Truppen der Partei der demokratischen Union (PYD) und der Arbeiterpartei Kurdistans (PKK) gegen das Vordringen der Terrororganisation Islamischer Staat (IS) rückten die nordsyrische Stadt Kobane in den Blick der Öffentlichkeit. Kobane wurde zum Symbol für die Zukunft der kurdischen Bevölkerung in der Türkei und in Syrien. Aus seiner Zelle auf der Insel Imrali warnte der seit 1999 dort inhaftierte PKK-Führer Abdullah Öcalan die Türkei: Sollte Kobane in die Hände des IS fallen, wäre der Friedensprozess beendet. Dieser Dialogversuch zwischen Öcalan und Ankara war der bisher weitgehendste. Seit dem Ende des Ersten Weltkrieges kämpfen rund 40 Millionen Kurden in den Ländern Türkei, Syrien, Irak und Iran um Autonomie, um das Recht, ihre Sprache und Kultur zu pflegen. Damals hatte man den Kurden einen eigenen Staat versprochen. Diese Zusage wurde nie eingelöst, so sind die Kurden heute das größte Volk der Erde ohne eigenen Staat. Der Kampf um eine kulturelle Identität radikalisierte sich 1978, als die PKK gegründet wurde. Fünf Jahre später erklärte die Partei dem türkischen Staat den Krieg. In den folgenden 30 Jahren starben über 40.000 Menschen in diesem Konflikt. Und Abdullah Öcalan wurde zur Symbolfigur der kurdischen Guerilla. Die Dokumentation schildert anhand der öffentlichen Wahrnehmung Öcalans diese Auseinandersetzung, vom Feind Nummer 1 der Türkei zur „Stimme des Friedens“, wie das US-Magazin TIME Öcalan bezeichnete. Die Türkei kann nicht mehr umhin, die Kurdenfrage zu regeln, ohne eine weitere Destabilisierung der gesamten Region zu riskieren.

ARTE

Free Ramin Hossein Panahi

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#RaminHosseinPanahi
#StopExecutionOfRamin
#StopExecutionInIran
#FreeAllPoliticalPrisoners


Campaign for Kurdish political prisoner Panahi

The Iranian regime wants to execute Kurdish political prisoner Ramin Hossein Panahi following Eid.

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There has been great interest in the social media campaigns against the execution under the hashtags #RaminHosseinpanahi and #SosRamin, from Iran and throughout the globe. There have been calls and protests throughout Rojhilat and the rest of the world for days to get the Iranian regime forces to stop the execution order against Kurdish political prisoner Ramin Hossein Panahi.

A protest was held in Cologne, Germany for the Kurdish political prisoner.

Activists demanding the order to execute Panahi be stopped chanted “Let’s be a voice for Panahi” and “No to Panahi’s Execution” as they carried banners that read “Azadî Ji bo Girtiyên Siyasî”and “Em darvekirinê naxwazin”.

On May 19, the administrators of the Sine Prison had informed Panahi’s family that he would be executed after the Eid.

ANF

Iranian regime to execute Panahi after Ramadan

The Iranian regime will reportedly execute Kurdish political prisoner Ramin Hossein Panahi after Ramadan without even informing his family and lawyer.

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Prisoners’ Rights Defence Campaign released a statement calling attention to the risk of imminent execution of Kurdish political prisoner Ramin Hossein Panahi.

The Campaign said; “The Iranian officials responsible for the case of Ramin Hossein Panahi are in a hurry to execute the death penalty issued for him.”

According to the Campaign, the file of Panahi was sent to National Asayish Council before the Revolutionary Court of Sine (Sanandaj) and the execution order was approved there.

The statement said that Iranian intelligence units in East Kurdistan asked the Sine Prison officials to execute the death penalty after Ramadan Eid without informing his family and lawyer.

“Furthermore, it was asked to transfer Panahi to another prison one hour before execution. In this way, the news of his death will be spread after execution”, said the statement.

According to the Prisoners’ Rights Defence Campaign, with this practice, the Iranian regime wants to obstruct protests by the Kurdish and Iranian people against Panahi’s execution.

Sine Prison officials had informed Panahi’s family on 19 May that the execution will be carried out after the Ramadan Eid.

Ramin Hossein Panahi, a 22-year-old man from Iran’s Kurdish minority, was convicted and sentenced to death after a grossly unfair trial on 16 January that lasted less than an hour. His family told Amnesty International that he appeared before the Revolutionary Court in Sanandaj with torture marks on his body, but that the court failed to order an investigation into his claims that he had been forced to “confess” to the crime. According to his lawyer, the court convicted and sentenced him to death for “taking up arms against the state” (baqi) merely based on his membership of the banned Kurdish opposition group Komala. No specific evidence was provided linking him to activities involving intentional killing, which is the required threshold defining the “most serious crimes” to which the use of the death penalty must be restricted under international law. Between his arrest and trial, he was allowed one brief meeting with his lawyer, which took place with intelligence officials present. The Supreme Court upheld the conviction and death sentence in March 2018.

Ramin Hossein Panahi was first arrested on 23 June 2017. Following his arrest, he was forcibly disappeared for four months. According to him, during this period and a further two months of solitary confinement, Ministry of Intelligence and Revolutionary Guard officials repeatedly tortured him, including through beating him with cables, kicking and punching him in the stomach and hitting his head against the wall. They also deliberately denied him adequate medical care for the injuries he sustained from being shot at the time of his arrest.

ANF




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