Archiv für April 2017

Will Turkish airstrikes stop Kurdish-led operation to capture Raqqa?

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YPG commanders and US-led coalition representatives visited the site of Turkish airstrikes in Karakoch, northeastern Syria on Tuesday (Photo: ANF)

Airstrikes by the Turkish military on Kurdish groups in Syria and Iraq on Tuesday has put the operation to capture the Islamic State (IS) stronghold Raqqa in danger, according to statements from Syrian Kurdish leaders.

Turkish airstrikes targeted the positions of the Kurdish People’s Protection Units (YPG), the main group in the Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF), which is spearheading the assault on Raqqa, killing at least 18 early Tuesday morning, Reuters reported.

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Syrian Kurdish officials of the Kurdish-led autonomous administration in northern Syria have condemned the dozen or so strikes and said they could put the operation in danger if international forces did not put up a stance.

Salih Muslim: We are expecting a statement from the coalition

Kurdish Democratic Union Party (PYD) co-leader Salih Muslim said the airstrikes would have a negative impact on the Raqqa operation, adding, “Turkish warplanes cannot fly in the area without the coalition’s approval. The coalition needs to make a statement. Did the coalition have knowledge of the attack? How do they view this development?”

Ilham Ehmed: Attack occurred as Raqqa operation reaches final stage

Syrian Democratic Council (SDC) co-leader Ilham Ehmed, who spoke from northeastern Derik city’s Karakoch area, which airstrikes targeted, also emphasised that the coalition needed to make its stance clear.

“While the YPG is participating in the Wrath of Euphrates Operation to liberate Raqqa, Turkey is attacking our centres. We do not accept any airstrikes on our forces, whether they be Turkish, Russian or Syrian.”

Fawza Yousif: We will protect our land

A leading member of the North Syria Democratic Federation Executive Council, Fawza Yousif said Kurdish forces would stop the Raqqa operation and instead defend themselves against Turkey if the coalition and US did not stop Ankara’s attacks, Kurdish agency Roj News reported.

KOM NEWS

VIDEO

Erdogans neuer Feldzug beginnt

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Türkische Kampfjets bombardieren das Jesidengebiet Sengal im Nordirak und YPG-Stellungen in Rojava.

Vom 9. April an hielten wir uns zwei Wochen im nordirakischen Sengal auf. Wir recherchierten zum illegalen Gebrauch deutscher Waffen gegen die dort lebenden Jesiden durch den kurdischen Warlord Mesud Barzani. Als wir ankamen, war einer der ersten Orte, den uns die Kolleg*innen vor Ort stolz zeigten, der Bahce Serokatî, der Abdullah-Öcalan-Garten. Das Denkmal erinnert an jene Frauen und Männer der PKK und der jesidischen Widerstandseinheiten YBS, die im Herbst 2014 im Kampf gegen die Terrormiliz Islamischer Staat (IS, Daesh) fielen, um einen Genozid an der jesidischen Minderheit zu verhindern.

Das Denkmal gibt es nicht mehr. In der Nacht zum 25. April flogen türkische Kampfjets parallel Angriffe auf Gebiete im Nordirak, im Sengal und in Rojava. Sie zerstörte ebenfalls eine YPG-Basis in Karacok, zwei Radio-Sender – einen davon in Rojava, einen im Sengal –, und bombardierten die Bergregionen in Haftanin, Gare und Kandil.

Die genauen Ausmaße der Attacke können wir zum Zeitpunkt der Veröffentlichung dieses Textes noch nicht feststellen. Sicher ist aber, dass es Gefallene und Verwundete gab. Sicher ist auch: Der Angriff war lange absehbar und soll den Aufakt zu einer länderübergreifenden Kampagne gegen die kurdische Befreiungsbewegung bilden. Überrascht muss niemand tun: Recep Tayyip Erdogan und seine Handpuppe Binali Yildirim haben die Aktion seit Monaten öffentlich angekündigt, inklusive Datum. Die internationale Öffentlichkeit, die sich so herzzerreissend um die Jesiden sorgte, als es darum ging, Waffenexporte in den Irak zu rechtfertigen, schwieg.

Schon jetzt kann man einige Feststellungen zur Einordnung der Bombenkampagne treffen. Erstens: Es wird nicht bei vereinzelten Provokationen bleiben. Die Türkei zieht Panzer an der Grenze zum Irak zusammen, vestärkt ihre Truppen in der Kurdischen Autonomieregion im Nordirak und bringt Kollaborationskräfte in Stellung.

Zweitens: Die Attacken nutzen direkt dem Islamischen Staat. Denn die kurdischen Volksverteidigungskräfte YPG/YPJ und verbündete Kräfte sind derzeit dabei, die syrische Kleinstadt Taqba zu befreien, der Belagerungsring um die Daesh-Hauptstadt Raqqa ist geschlossen. Bei Taqba gibt es seit Tagen heftige Kämpfe. Die türkischen Bombardements helfen dem Islamischen Staat, Luft zu holen, weil sich YPG/YPJ nun um eine weitere Front kümmern müssen.

Drittens: Die USA haben entweder ihre Zustimmung zu (begrenzten) Operationen gegeben oder müssten jetzt scharf reagieren. Realistisch ist ersteres. „Jeder hier weiß, dass es ein taktisches Spiel ist“, sagt der Internationalist Serhildan Sengali in Qamishlo gegenüber LCM. „Manchmal macht Washington uns Zugeständnisse, manchmal der Türkei. Sicher, die USA wollen, dass wir nach Raqqa gehen. Aber sie wollen auch nicht, dass wir zu stark werden. Deshalb erlauben sie der Türkei in bestimmten Ausmaßen Operationen. Und Kandil wollen sowieso beide beseitigen.“

Viertens: Der Krieg rund um Sengal wird mit deutschen Panzern geführt werden. Denn die dortigen KDP-Milizen haben welche und sie kooperieren mit Erdogan. Sie haben sie am 3. März gegen Jesiden eingesetzt und sie werden es wieder tun, wenn Barzani keinen Positionswechsel vollzieht oder ihn andere kurdische Parteien daran hindern.

Fünftens: Der Angriff zeigt auch erneut, wie sich Angela Merkels „Flüchtlingsdeal“ mit der Türkei in der Realität auswirkt. Ankara verhindert systematisch jede Normalisierung im Sengal oder Rojava, die dafür sorgen könnte, dass Menschen hier bleiben oder zurückkehren. Der Effekt der Attacken: Neue Fluchtbewegungen.

Die heutigen Bombenangriffe lassen für die kommenden Monate unruhige Zeiten erwarten. Erdogan will seine Diktatur nach innen wie außen absichern, sein Hauptgegner dabei ist die kurdische Befreiungsbewegung. Er hat betont: Er will sie „vernichten“. Das weltweite Schweigen zu Massakern wie in den Städten Cizre und Nusaybin im vergangenen Jahr, hat ihn ermutigt, dabei keine Rücksicht mehr auf zivile Opfer zu nehmen.

Lower Class Magazine

VIDEO

HDP Prison Committee releases report on hunger strikes

Peoples’ Democratic Party (HDP) Prison Committee released an information note regarding the ongoing indefinite and irreversible hunger strike by political prisoners in the prisons of Turkey.

Peoples’ Democratic Party (HDP) Prison Committee released the following information note regarding the ongoing indefinite and irreversible hunger strike by political prisoners in the prisons of Turkey:

The hunger strike protests of political prisoners in Turkish penitentiary institutions have reached a critical point. The protest was initiated in Izmir Şakran High Security Prison on 15 February 2017 to draw attention to gross human rights violations and inhumane living conditions in prisons, the isolation on the imprisoned PKK leader Abdullah Öcalan, and Erdoğan-AKP government’s renewed politics violence and war in the Kurdish issue. It soon spread to other prisons across Turkey.

Currently, as of April 6, about one hundred political prisoners continue indefinite and non-alternate hunger strikes in eight different penitentiary institutions. Thirty-four of the protesting prisoners are women.

Indefinite Hunger Strikes (6 April 2017)

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In addition to the indefinite and non-alternate protests tabled above, political prisoners carry out five-day-long alternating solidarity hunger strikes in several other facilities since March 15.

The solidarity hunger strikes of imprisoned HDP MPs Ayhan Bilgen, former HDP Parliamentary Group Spokesperson, Meral Danış Beştaş and Nihat Akdogan have reached its sixth-day. In her note to the press on April 4, Ms Beştaş recorded the following:

Prisoners at Şakran and Tekirdağ prisons are now at the edge of death. Our hunger strike, started on 1 April 2017, is but simply a call [to the authorities] ‘to be abide by law’. Nevertheless, the demands of prisoners on hunger strike are nothing but humane and legal.

We, the imprisoned deputies, have no demands for ourselves. Our one and only demand is the ending of inhumane and derogatory practices targeting prisoners [in Turkey].

Whereas prison administrations have so far remained non-responsive to these calls, arbitrary pressures on protesting prisoners continue extensively, as further source of risk to their health and lives. According to reports received by HDP Prison Committee:

- In Tarsus Prison, where hunger strike is on its 23rd day, prisoners are not allowed to access B12 vitamin despite continuous demands.

- On 16 March 2017, prisoners at Van T Type (High Security) Prison were transferred to Tekirdağ Prison, in westernmost Turkey, on the ninth day of their hunger strikes. Their hunger strike still continues. Another group of protesting prisoners at Van Prison were transferred to Bandırma F Type Prison, again in western Turkey, reportedly under continuous physical harassment.

- On 3 April 2017, relatives of prisoners at Izmir Şakran T4 Prison were verbally and physically harassed and attacked by prison guards.

Reports are based on the data gathered from HDP deputies, Human Rights Association (IHD), Prisons Solidarity Initiative (ZDI), Libertarian Lawyers Platform (ÖHP), Progressive Lawyers Association (ÇHD), Union of Turkish Doctors (TTB), and several other non-governmental organizations advocating for prisoners’ rights, and confirmed news in the media and press.

ANF

Kurdish brother and sister injured in explosion die

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Fatih Gunes (5) and his sister Havin Gunes (3) were injured in an explosion as they were playing in their garden in Turkey’s southeastern Kurdish district Nusaybin.

Two siblings who were injured after an object they were playing with in their garden exploded, have died.

5-year-old Fatih Gunes and his sister 3-year-old sister Havin were injured in the Abdulkadir Pasa Neighbourhood in Turkey’s Kurdish district Nusaybin on Thursday morning after an unidentified object exploded.

Both children were critically injured in the blast and taken to the local state hospital. While the younger child died on the same day, her brother passed away in the early hours of Friday morning.

The blast occurred in one of the neighbourhoods that was the scene of clashes between Turkish security forces and Kurdish militia in 2015 and 2016.

The object is thought to have been left over from clashes in an area that was cleared by security forces.

KOM NEWS

Anarchists Fighting ISIS in Rojava Announce New Formation


Anarchists in Rojava announce IRPGF von gaetano-bresci

Today we announce the formation of the International Revolutionary People’s Guerrilla Forces, an explicitly anarchist, militant group in Rojava seeking to defend the Revolution and advance the cause of anarchism.

The Role of the IRPGF

The International Revolutionary People’s Guerrilla Forces (IRPGF) is a militant armed self-organized and horizontal collective working to defend social revolutions around the world, to directly confront capital and the state, and advance the cause of anarchism. We recognize and affirm that principled action necessitates principled politics. We are not a political party or platform but rather an armed collective comprised of comrades with different anarchist positions. The IRPGF’s collective unity manifests itself in the praxis of militant action which we consider a prerequisite for achieving liberation. Our role is twofold; to be an armed force capable of defending liberatory social revolutions around the world while simultaneously being a force capable of insurrection and struggle against all kyriarchal forms of power wherever they exist.

We do not enter conflict zones with intent to command but rather, while retaining our autonomy as a collective, to fight alongside other armed groups in solidarity with those who are oppressed, exploited and facing annihilation. The IRPGF believes collective action, solidarity and unity are necessary for struggle. International solidarity is the most powerful weapon of the oppressed. At the same time we maintain the need for criticism when and where appropriate. (Self)Criticism is not something to be feared. It is to be embraced as the constant source of energy that drives individuals, communities and revolutionary movements towards realizing liberation.

The Need for Armed Struggle

Within movements for liberation an enormous chasm exists between those who deploy peaceful means to confront the enemy and those who defend both their communities and themselves through armed struggle. These dichotomous positions contain within them an inter-sectional network of social positions and identities that reveal their location, context and content. For the IRPGF, peaceful methods are unable to confront and destroy the state, capitalism and all forms of kyriarchal power. In fact, they do the reverse. They protect, embolden and strengthen the enemy, enhancing the forms of oppression against increasingly isolated individuals and divided societies. We believe that our liberation springs forth from the barrel of a gun.

Armed insurrections and rebellions around the world will be carried out to the end. We fight in defense of life and we struggle for total liberation. The nation-state, authority, capital and social hierarchy are the enemies of a liberated world and therefore enemies of us all. While we struggle through self-criticism and collective criticism of our personal and collective internalizations of these oppressive behaviors, attitudes and practices, the external enemies; the bosses, along with their armies and police, must be confronted with bullets, bombs and dynamite. The fires of justice and freedom are cleansing and all consuming. For us, there is no stepping back and no way to achieve liberation except through struggle. Our communities will only be liberated when we destroy those few whose wealth and power depend on the suffering and exploitation of many.

The master does not give the slave freedom simply out of an ethical act of pity, selflessness and love. The slave must achieve their liberation through insurrection, resistance and revolution, using every tool of the master to destroy both the master and their mechanisms and apparatuses of domination and oppression. The yoke of tyranny and its chains of repression cannot withstand the insurrection of the oppressed. We long for the day when swords will be turned into ploughshares, but until that day arrives, if it ever does, we will hold on to our weapons. The IRPGF’s existence is predicated on the necessity of armed struggle. The moment this is no longer necessary, the IRPGF will cease to exist. Our position is against the notion of “standing armies” or ossified revolutionary groups that become insular states unto themselves.

The IRPGF’s International Position

We believe that the third world war has already started and that the conflicts in Syria, Ukraine and in other parts of the world are only the beginning. The capitalist system, nearing its end and having plundered the world and stripped it of its resources, faces its most acute crisis yet. With no surplus labor population to put in its dungeons and assembly lines, the antagonisms and contradictions of the system in crisis are unfolding. With imperialist powers fighting for the last scraps to safeguard their livelihoods and with fascism on the rise, a common struggle is developing against both the domination of capital and the state. The IRPGF will stand with all peoples looking to secure their futures free from ALL forms of oppression, domination and exploitation. We are cognizant and recognize the intersection of unique identities and the particularities that exist within individuals, in communities and between individuals and communities. We support and seek to fully realize the polymorphic nature of human identity and struggle. To this end we join with peoples around the world in their uniqueness, and in ours, to realize our collective liberation.

MILITANT HORIZONTAL SELF-ORGANIZED COLLECTIVES & COMMUNITIES

FOR THE REVOLUTION AND ANARCHISM!

IRPGF

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